A zari is actually produced by way of winding the metallic strip that is made from silver, pure gold or metallic polyester film around a yard that is made of art silk, silk, polyester, cotton and more. It is also categorized into different types like imitation zari, metallic zari and real zari, powder zari and plastic zari.
In regard with real zari, a silver thread will usually be drawn from a silver alloy. This is then flattened by way of passing it under such an equal pressure rotating roller. The silver thread that is flattened will be wounded right through the base yarn. This is what is usually consisted of silk. The spools that come with silver and silk threads will be flattened for the purpose of electroplating. And then, the threads will be plated with gold by way of electroplating.
The gilded threads and their luster will be increased by way of passing them via a brightener. This will then help improve its aesthetics. Now, the threads will be wounded right through a reel.
With regard to imitation Zari, the copper wires that have been drawn from the copper alloy will undergo such similar process. This is also especially if they are then electroplated with silver material and are wounded exactly around the base yarn. Prior to this zari, it is known to be very less expensive as compared to pure zari. A silver electroplated copper is also thought to be more economical.
This is known to be a modernized type of zari. This also further replaces conventional metals such as silver, copper and gold. This is recognized for its durability, resistance and light weight. This does not also tarnish and this just maintains its luster for such a given period of time.
Zari truly has its religious and historical significance. In the Vedic times, it was often linked to the grand attire of kings, literary figures and gods. The Mahabharat, Ramayan and RigVeda have just made their references to the craft of Zari.
Zari truly signifies wealth and opulence especially during the period of Mughal. The port of Surat is a link to the Indians and Haj pilgrims. This was the main reason why the craft was introduced in India. The handicrafts of Zari developed in Persia were then imported to India. Similarly, a lot of immigrant craftsmen had established their trade in their country.
The trade of Zari indeed survived throughout the centuries. The traditional traders of Zari who have the love and passion for craft adapted well to the changing times. They also even switched from the conventional fashioned techniques down to the new ones.
Moreover, the biggest producer of Zari was none other than Gujarat including other Zari products like laces, threads, borders, edges and fringes. Now, you already have learned more about the types of zari. For sure, you will be impressed by all these types that just will serve your purpose!